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Fair Trade

( Article Type: Explanation )

Fair Trade is a trading partnership – based on dialogue, transparency and respect – that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of,

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Financing Climate -Resilient Development

( Article Type: Sustainable Development )

A new role is emerging for development finance institutions such as the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA), to strategically realign their development objectives to effectively respond to heightened evidence of the impacts of global cli

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( Article Type: Explanation )

Every year in South Africa wild fires destroy thousands of hectares of agricultural land, commercial plantations and buildings, affecting the lives and livelihoods of many. While most fires are started through human negligence, some are part of the n

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Fisheries - The Ecosystem Approach

( Article Type: Overview )

Ecosystem-based fisheries management is a relatively recent concept that has slowly taken formal shape over the past 30 years. In 1980 the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) became the first Regional Fishery

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Food security

( Article Type: Opinion )

Food security exists when people everywhere are able to obtain enough, safe, nutritious, and culturally appropriate food for a healthy and productive life, and are not at risk of losing such access.

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( Article Type: Explanation )

Forestry can be split into two different types of management. The first type relates to indigenous forestry and involves the management and utilisation of natural indigenous forests. The second refers to plantation forestry, which requires a differen

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Fossil Fuels

( Article Type: Explanation )

Fossil fuels are non-renewable (limited) natural resources, which means that one day they will run out and alternative energy sources will have to be found for them. They include crude oil, coal, gas or heavy oils, which are made up of partially or c

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Fracking And gas Extraction

( Article Type: Explanation )

Energy is a key driver of development. In South Africa, 93% of our electricity is from coal, and over 85% of our total energy is from fossil fuels. The use of fossil fuels is a direct contributor to climate change, through the emission of carbon d

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Freshwater Ecology

( Article Type: Explanation )

Freshwater ecology is the discipline for measuring, managing and monitoring the health of freshwater systems. It looks at water quality from a chemical perspective and then examines the organisms that are living in the water and their relationship to

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